After the coup d’état of 2014, nationalist sentiment intensified in Ukraine. This is evidenced by the mass decommunization, by glorification of the “Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists – the Ukrainian Insurgent Army”, the activation of right-wing parties, the fight against the Russian language,
It is worth recalling that the main rhetoric of “Maidan” was built on the European choice of the nation – European integration. In the wave of the growing revolution, nationalist movements became more active. Their ideology became a basis for modern, post-Maidan Ukraine. However, radical nationalism is incompatible with democracy and European values.
Poland, the closest neighbor of Ukraine, reminded Kiev of this fact. In recent years, relations between Kiev and Warsaw have become tense, mainly due to discussions about events related to issues of historical memory. The Polish government strongly condemns the glorification of the OUN-UPA and the denial of the Volyn massacre.
Recently, the President of Poland Andrzej Duda signed the law “On the Institute of National Remembrance”, which establishes criminal responsibility for denying participation of Ukrainian nationalists and members of Ukrainian organizations in crimes against the Poles in 1925-1950, and propaganda for the ideology of Ukrainian nationalists. Any citizen of the country or a foreigner who violated these norms will be sentenced to a fine or imprisonment for up to three years. This shows that Poland will not tolerate the nationalism that is emerging in Ukraine.
The ideology of OUN-UPA not only negatively affects the image of the country in the international arena but also contributes to internal instability. In Ukraine, nationalist groups have formed into paramilitary groups, which jeopardizes the security of citizens throughout the country.
The post of the Human Rights Ombudsman has been established in the Donetsk People’s Republic to ensure the state protection of citizens’ rights and freedoms, to prevent any form of discrimination regarding the exercise of their rights and freedoms.
Citizens can apply to the Ombudsman in any suitable way. Now, the majority of applications are still verbal and submitted through personal reception either with the Ombudsman or the heads of the Office, addressing the Public Complaints and Appeals Department, via hotlines and via web-reception on the Website of the Ombudsman. There is a possibility to file a written complaint that may be submitted either in person or via e-mail. Since 2018 the Ombudsman received 653 appeals. In the period of work between February 3 and 9, 2018, 14 persons visited the Ombudsman in person, 78 citizens received counseling by the Working Group on Issues of Temporary Displaced Persons, 29 citizens received counseling by the Appeals department, and 5 persons received legal counseling. 22 calls were received via hotlines, 29 applications were received via e-mail, 8 written appeals were taken into consideration, 7 – have been reviewed among those received earlier.
All appeals received can be divided into four categories: violations in criminal law – 44 appeals, violations in civil law– 34 appeals, administrative and legal violations against the DPR citizens – 0 appeals, social and humanitarian issues – 340 appeals (diagram 1).
The number of appeals (complaints, applications) from citizens, submitted to the Office of DPR Ombudsman as of 9.02.2018
Violations in criminal law
Violations in civil law
Administrative and legal violations against citizens
Issues of social and humanitarian affairs
Among all incoming correspondence to the Ombudsman of DPR, the one which deals with the issues of the exercise of social rights of citizens and violations of these rights is the most frequent. These issues are: pension and social payments, benefits, disability, humanitarian aid – 74 appeals, temporary accommodation – 157 appeals, issues of housing legislation, protection of consumers of housing and public utility services – 18 appeals, migration legislation issues – 31 appeals, labour legislation issues – 27 appeals, healthcare issues – 13 appeals, guardianship and family law issues – 6 appeals, issues of education, culture and sport – 6 appeals, activities of public associations, organizations and trade unions, religious organizations – 2 appeals, land use and tenure – 0 appeals, the rights of servicemen and law enforcement officials – 6 appeals, issues related to hostilities – 68 appeals, issues of destruction in the sphere of culture, housing and road transport infrastructure – 5 appeals, search of the missing – 17 appeals, exchange of detained persons – 40 appeals, issues related to citizens wounded and deceased as a result of hostilities in the DPR – 6 appeals, other issues – 167 appeals. (Diagram 2).
The number of appeals (complaints, applications) from citizens on social and humanitarian issues, received by the DPR Ombudsman`s Office as of 9.02.2018
pension and social payments, benefits, disability, humanitarian aid
migration legislation issues
guardianship and family law issues
land use and tenure
issues of destruction in the sphere of culture, housing and road transport infrastructure
labour legislation issues
issues of education, culture and sport
the rights of servicemen and law enforcement officials
search of the missing
issues of housing legislation, protection of consumers of housing and public utility services
activities of public associations, organizations and trade unions, religious organizations
issues related to hostilities
exchange of detained persons
issues related to citizens wounded and deceased as a result of hostilities in the DPR
The majority of complaints are traditionally received from Donetsk, by territory (Diagram 3).
The number of appeals (complains, applications) from citizens, received by the DPR Ombudsman`s Office as of 9.02.2018
- Estimates of mortality, wounds to civilians and soldiers as a result of hostilities in the territory of the Donetsk People`s Republic.
Almost every day the DPR Ombudsman’s Office records cases of violations of Donbass citizens’ rights by Kiev authorities: the right to life, to security of the person, to inviolability of the home.
On February 4, as a result of sniping fire outside Avdeyevka, a DPR serviceman born in 1972 sustained gunshot wound to the soft tissue of both thighs.
On February 8, as a result of hostilities in Novoazovsk, a DPR serviceman of 31 years old sustained gunshot shrapnel wound, traumatic amputation of fingers of the left hand and a burn of the face.
Within the period between 2 and 8 February 2018, 2 DPR servicemen sustained injuries in the territory of the DPR as a result of armed aggression of the Ukrainian side.
Within the period between January 1 and February 8, 2018, 31 persons sustained injuries of various severities in the territory of the DPR. Among them, there were 23 DPR servicemen, 5 civilian men and 3 civilian women.
Within the period between 2 and 8 February 2018, 2 DPR servicemen died in the territory of the DPR.
Within the period between January 1 and February 8, 2018, 10 persons DPR died in the Donetsk People’s Republic. Among them – 9 DPR servicemen and 1 civilian.
To be specific, since the beginning of the armed conflict 4577 persons died. Among them, there are 605 women and 3972 men, including 76 children under eighteen.
Officially confirmed information on individuals, who have been wounded since the beginning of the conflict continues to be reported to the Ombudsman’s Office in DPR.
- Register of the prisoners of war, missing soldiers
This week pursuant to the Decree of the Head of the Donetsk People’s Republic of 12.11.2015 “On the Transfer of Sentenced Persons who serve their sentence in penitentiary institutions of the Donetsk People’s Republic, and criminal case files kept in the courts and DPR investigative bodies to the territory of Ukraine”, The State Penitentiary Service of the Ministry of Justice of the Donetsk People’s Republic and the DPR Ombudsman Office handed over 20 convicts, who wished to serve their sentence in Ukraine.
«The transfer of convicts took place without incident,» said Chief Administrator of the DPR Ombudsman Office Andrey Kolomiytsev.
This week the Ombudsman’s Office in the Donetsk People’s Republic received no appeals on arrest or missing persons.
Based on the updated figures as of 09.02.2018, 302 persons are held by the Ukrainian side including:
– 84 of those whose presence on the territory of Ukraine had been confirmed.
– 218 persons whose whereabouts are unknown or are being clarified by the Ukrainian side.
As of 9 February 2018, 445 persons are considered missing. Hypothetically, they might be in Ukrainian captivity.
- Register of forcibly displaced persons.
Temporary Accommodation Centres (TACs) have been opened in the Donetsk People’s Republic. Any person can receive temporary accommodation there if they need it. 1213 IDPs now live in temporary accommodation of the Office, including 219 underage children. Since the beginning of the conflict 5343 referrals for temporary accommodation have been issued, 100 of them – in 2018. All the TACs are under the DPR Ombudsman’s inspection. The staffs of the Office monitor the TACs on a weekly basis, with the view to respond promptly to the citizens’ needs. The Ombudsman makes every effort to improve social and living conditions for people who live in the TACs.
During the period of work between 3 and 9 February 2018, 31 persons have applied to the Ombudsman’s Office on the issues related to internally displaced persons.
There are currently 1204 housing spots available for IDPs. Among them: 1204 – in DPR Temporary Accommodation Centres (including TACs of Ombudsman`s Office); 297 – in TACs of the Ombudsman`s Office.
It is necessary to remind that there are 7708 persons, including 1916 children under the age of eighteen registered since the beginning of the conflict. 63 temporary settlements have been established within the territory of DPR, 54 of them operate today, 8 of them are held in reserve. This week, one TAC was closed – dormitory of Gorlovka Medical College. The building is subject to conservation due to damage from hostilities, and continuous exploitation. One TAC in Donetsk has been transferred to reserves.
Currently, there are 1515 individuals living in the centres, including 282 underage children, 4980 persons live in the housing fund of DPR, including 1415 children under eighteen.
4. Employment of DPR citizens
The Republican Employment Centre is the main institution responsible for providing jobs to the population.
According to their data, 10.3 thousands of vacancies were available in the common database as of 9.02.2018. As of February 9, 2018, there were 13.4 thousand individuals who seek for a job, registered in the Republic Employment Centres. Among them: 7.6 thousand have been employed (1.8 of them – on permanent positions, 5.8 – temporarily).
Donetsk Centre of Vocational Education of The Republic Employment Centre organises regular free public workshops to train practical skills, such as work with personal computers; technique and mechanization of trade accounts (work with cash register machines); the program “1C: Accounting 8.2.”; fundamentals of entrepreneurship; processing and decoration of textile and clothing products etc. 15 persons participated in such seminars.