On November 17 the International Students’ Day is celebrated in many countries of the world. On this day students commemorate victims of the fascist regime and express their strong protest against unleashing of new bloody wars.
The history of this day has its roots in the events of October 28, 1939, in Czechoslovakia, occupied by German invaders, when students and their teachers went to a demonstration in Prague to celebrate an anniversary of establishment of the state (October 28, 1918). Then the units of the invaders dispersed the demonstration, and a student of the Medical Faculty Jan Opletal was shot. The funeral of Jan Opletal on November 15, 1939, turned into another protest. On November 17, mass arrests and clean-ups began. More than 1,200 students were imprisoned in the concentration camp in Sachsenhausen. Nine students and activists of the student movement were executed without trial in the prison of Ruzyne district of Prague. By order of Hitler, all Czech higher educational institutions were closed until the end of the war. The International Students’ Day was established at the International Students Congress to commemorate these events.
Young, active, resilient and purposeful specialists are always the hope of society and the state.
«The Donetsk People’s Republic is a young and developing state. We place emphasis on youth, on students. You are our future. And you are actively involved in the establishment of our state.
Studentship is one of the most beautiful periods in the one’s life. It is a time of dreams and ambitions, creativity and inspiration. It is a time of hard work, understanding the world and finding your way.
Each one of you is the creator of your own destiny. But altogether you are the future of our Republic. The pivot of its development and prosperity, the hope for new achievements and a step forward,” the Head of the Republic Alexander Zakharchenko congratulated the students.
Article 36 of the Constitution of the Donetsk People’s Republic proclaims the right of everyone to education. The state supports various forms of education and self-education.
The post of the Human Rights Ombudsman was established in the Donetsk People’s Republic to ensure the state protection of citizens’ rights and freedoms, to prevent any form of discrimination regarding the exercise of their rights and freedoms.
Citizens can apply to the Ombudsman in any suitable way. Now, the majority of applications are still verbal and submitted through personal reception either with the Ombudsman or the heads of the Office, addressing the Public Complaints and Appeals Department, via hotlines and via web-reception on the Website of the Ombudsman. There is a possibility to file a written complaint that may be submitted either in person or via e-mail. Since 2017 the Ombudsman received 5481 appeals. In the period of work between 11 and 17 November, 2017, 2 persons visited the Ombudsman in person, 56 claims were accepted by the Appeals department 47 calls were made via hotlines. 3 applications were received via e-mail, 13 written appeals were taken into consideration, 11 – have been reviewed among those received earlier, 49 persons have been given legal assistance.
All appeals received can be divided into four categories: violations in criminal law – 331 appeals, violations in civil law– 689 appeals, administrative and legal violations against the DPR citizens – 26 appeals, social and humanitarian issues – 4435 appeals (diagram 1).
The number of appeals (complaints, applications) from citizens, submitted to the Office of DPR Ombudsman as of 17.11.2017
Violations in criminal law
Violations in civil law
Administrative and legal violations against citizens
Issues of social and humanitarian affairs
Among all incoming correspondence to the Ombudsman of DPR, the one which deals with the issues of exercise of social rights of citizens and violations of these rights is the most frequent. These issues are: pension and social payments – 626 appeals, temporary accommodation – 512 appeals, the order of a complaint submission and paperwork in case of property destruction – 125 appeals, humanitarian assistance – 180 appeals, employment – 171 appeals, paperwork on travelling documents –11 appeals, search of the missing – 187 appeals, loss of IDs – 341 appeals, housing issues – 273 appeals, temporary residence permit – 227 appeals, other social and humanitarian issues – 1782 appeals.
The majority of complains are traditionally received from Donetsk by territory (Diagram 2).
The number of appeals (complains, applications) from citizens, received by the DPR Ombudsman`s Office as of 17.11.2017
- Statistics and analysis of destroyed infrastructure objects
Targeted shelling by Ukrainian forces causes destruction of private property and infrastructure – this is the reality of the front-line regions of the Donetsk People’s Republic.
As of September 28, 2017 more than 11413 infrastructure objects were partly destroyed (damaged) as a result of hostilities.
More than 6845 objects have been destroyed in Donetsk, 268 units in Debaltsevo, 528 units in Gorlovka, 91 units in Dokuchayevsk, 312 units in Yenakievo, 91 units in Zhdanovka, 75 units in Kirovskoye, 1113 units in Makeyevka, 56 units in Snyezhnoye, 122 units in Torez, 750 units in Khartsysk, 75 units in Shakhtyorsk, 582 units in Yasinovataya, 278 units in Amvrosyevka region, 3 units in Volnovakha region, 24 units in Maryinka region, 17 units in Novoazovsk region, 57 units in Starobeshevo region, 93 units in Telmanovo region, 33 units in Shakhtyorsk region.
Destroyed objects by branches:
– 6247 houses;
– 770 power lines and points of distribution of electricity;
– 176 heating supply facilities;
– 52 water supply facilities;
– 2669 gas supply facilities;
– 14 wastewater and sewerage facilities;
– 102 healthcare facilities;
– 519 general educational institutions (schools, kindergartens);
– 59 vocational and technical educational institutions;
– 62 higher educational institutions;
– 26 physical and sport education institutions;
– 55 cultural institutions;
– 241 road and transport infrastructure objects;
– 63 industrial objects;
– 89 trade objects;
– 269 objects in other spheres.
According to the official data as of 3 November, 2017 there are 2837 objects of governmental and communal ownership damaged, 666 – rebuilt and 2171 – are to be rebuilt.
- Estimates of mortality, wounds to civilians and soldiers as a result of hostilities in the territory of the Donetsk People`s Republic.
Almost every day the DPR Ombudsman’s Office records cases of violations of Donbass citizens’ rights by Kiev authorities: right to life, to security of the person, to inviolability of the home.
On November 14, as a result of military operations near Dokuchaevsk a DPR serviceman born in 1971 sustained mine-blast trauma, a gunshot wound to the thighs.
On November 15, as a result of shelling by Ukrainian forces in Novoazovsk region, a DPR serviceman born in 1973 sustained a mine-blast trauma, and a DPR serviceman born in 1977 sustained a blunt wound to the left side of the neck.
On November 16, a DPR serviceman of 42 years old sustained a gunshot perforating wound in the course of military operation.
Within the period between 10 and 16 November, 2017, 4 persons sustained injuries in the territory of the DPR as a result of constant shelling from Ukraine. All of them are DPR servicemen.
Within the period between January 1 and November 16, 2017, 542 persons sustained injuries of various severities in the territory of the DPR. Among them, there were 320 DPR servicemen and 222 civilians, including 14 children under 18.
Within the period between 10 and 17 November, 2017, 1 DPR serviceman died in the territory of the DPR.
Within the period between January 1 and November 9, 2017, 251 persons, including 221 servicemen and 30 civilians died in the Donetsk People’s Republic, including two underage children.
To be specific, since the beginning of the armed conflict 4540 persons died. Among them, there are 605 women and 3935 men, including 76 children under eighteen.
Officially confirmed information on individuals, who have been wounded since the beginning of the conflict continues to be reported to the Ombudsman’s Office in DPR. The information is being processed at the moment and it will be included into general statistics of the injured individuals.
- Register of the prisoners of war, missing soldiers
This week one appeal and two reports on arrest were received by the Ombudsman’s Office in the Donetsk People’s Republic.
A man born in 1965 was arrested in 2015 for the first time and was charged with committing crimes under Art.258-3 part 1 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine, but he was acquitted. The man was arrested again in February 2017 in Orlovka village, Yasinovataya district.
In early November a man born in 1969 was detained near Avdeyevka. Also, it was reported on the detention of a man born in 1980 on March 2016 in Kharkov.
Based on the updated figures as of 17.11.2017, 465 persons are kept by the Ukrainian side including:
– 264 of those whose presence on the territory of Ukraine had been confirmed.
– 195 persons whose whereabouts are unknown or are being clarified by the Ukrainian side.
– 6 persons were requested from the Ukrainian side for the first time.
This week no appeals on missing persons were received by the Ombudsman’s Office in the Donetsk People’s Republic.
As of 17 November 2017, 509 persons are considered missing. Hypothetically, they might be in Ukrainian captivity.
- Register of forcibly displaced persons.
Temporary Accommodation Centres (TACs) have been opened in the Donetsk People’s Republic. Any person can receive temporary accommodation there if they need it. 1176 IDPs now live in temporary accommodation of the Office, including 227 underage children. Since the beginning of the conflict 5237 referrals for temporary accommodation have been issued, 343 of them – in 2017. All the TACs are under the DPR Ombudsman’s inspection. The staffs of the Office monitor the TACs on a weekly basis, with the view to respond promptly to the citizens’ needs. The Ombudsman makes every effort to improve social and living conditions for people who live in the TACs.
During the period of work between 11 and 17 November, 2017, 15 persons have applied to the Ombudsman’s Office on the issues related to internally displaced persons, one of them was accommodated in the TACs of the Ombudsman`s Office in Donetsk.
There are currently 1389 housing spots available for IDPs. Among them: 1389 – in DPR Temporary Accommodation Centres (including TACs of Ombudsman`s Office); 495 – in TACs of the Ombudsman`s Office.
It is necessary to remind that there are 7809 persons, including 2014 children under the age of eighteen registered since the beginning of the conflict. 64 temporary settlements have been established within the territory of DPR, 56 of them operate today, 8 of them are held in reserve.
Currently, 2762 individuals live in the centres, including 528 underage children, 5047 persons live in the housing fund of DPR, including 1486 children under eighteen.
- Employment of DPR citizens
The Republican Employment Centre is the main institution responsible for providing jobs to the population.
According to their data, 38.3 thousands of vacancies were available in the common database as of 17.11.2017. As of November 17, 2017, there were 48.2 thousand individuals who seek for job, registered in the Republic Employment Centres. Among them: 40.5 thousand have been employed (23.2 of them – on permanent positions, 17.3 – temporarily).
Donetsk Centre of Vocational Education of The Republic Employment Centre organises regular free public workshops to train practical skills, such as work with personal computers; technique and mechanization of trade accounts (work with cash register machines); the program “1C: Accounting 8.2.”; fundamentals of entrepreneurship; processing and decoration of textile and clothing products etc. Since the beginning of 2017, 355 persons participated in those workshops.