Second Sunday of September – International day in memory of victims of fascism


For the past 58 years, since 1962, on every second Sunday of September, the world community celebrates the International day in memory of fascism. The main goal of the initiative is to remind all inhabitants of the Earth about the threat of the revival of the brown plague and to emphasize the necessity to unite states to counter neo-fascism. On this day, mourning events are traditionally held in memory of tens of millions of military and civilians who died as a result of the imposition of a deadly ideology.

It is not coincidental that the theme of fascism rises in September: that is the Second World War began in the first month of autumn in 1939. This is the largest armed conflict in the history of mankind, unleashed by the countries of the Nazi unit. 62 states, including the USSR, became its participants. According to various estimates, the confrontation affected about 80% of the world’s population. Over 60 million people have died in six years. The Soviet people suffered the heaviest losses (about 27 million people). Donetsk land is no exception. In the course of the Great Patriotic War, more than 66 thousand soldiers and officers of the Red Army were killed in the battles for the liberation of Donbas from the Nazis. In Stalino, out of 400 thousand people (according to pre-war estimates), only about 175 thousand people met the world.

It should be noted that today the term “fascism” is used as a generalized name for far-right political movements and ideologies preaching racial superiority and a dictatorial form of governance. Fascism promotes militarism, xenophobia, anti-communism, chauvinism, a policy of genocide, belief in the domination of elites, and contempt for electoral democracy and liberalism.

The key example of the implementation of fascist ideology is the Holocaust – the persecution and targeted destruction of the Jewish people by Germany during the Second World War. The Holocaust, in a borer sense, is also called the mass extermination of representatives of various ethnic and social groups during the Third Reich by the Nazis. People were sent to exhausting forced labor, and subjected to medical experiments, to “cleanse” the Aryan race from “defective human individuals” with concentration camps and death factories. It is significant that the Nazis killed even the inhabitants of the territory of the German Reich (that is, their fellow citizens), recognized as “ballast” and “budget eaters”: invalids, mental patients, suffering from incurable chronic diseases.

75 years ago, our ancestors were able to stop and destroy this huge Nazi machine. However, as we can see today, the risks of its rebirth persist. Therefore, the priority task is to mobilize world forces to counter any manifestations of the ideology of fascism. Modern society is building a stable, prosperous and peaceful future, by suppressing the slightest of attempts to follow the terrible practices of the past.