The head of the Donetsk People’s Republic is the highest official and the head of the executive power of the Donetsk People’s Republic. The Head of the Donetsk People’s Republic, in accordance with the established procedure, takes measures to protect the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, ensures coordinated functioning and interaction of public authorities of the Donetsk People’s Republic. The Head of the Donetsk People’s Republic, in accordance with the Constitution and legislation of the Donetsk People’s Republic, defines the main directions of the development of the Donetsk People’s Republic. The head of the Donetsk People’s Republic is elected by citizens of the Donetsk People’s Republic for a term of four years on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot.

Alexander Zakharchenko – The Head of the Donetsk People’s Republic, Chairman of the Council of Ministers, commander-in-chief of joint armed forced of the DPR.

Born in June 26, 1976, in Donetsk. Mother is a Russian, father is a Ukrainian. Married, has four sons.

Having graduated from school №4 in Donetsk in 1991, Zakharchenko continued studying in Donetsk College of Industrial Automation, specializing in mining electromechanics. Graduated cum laude.

Alexander Zakharchenko’s first job – a mine, where he became an electromechanician of V category. Later he entered the Donetsk Law Institute of Interior Ministry.

Having spent 1,5 years as the electromechanician, Zakharchenko engaged in entrepreneurial work connected with coal industry.

In 2010, a branch of the Kharkov “Oplot” public organization, which was then headed by Zakharchenko, was established in Donetsk. The purpose of “Oplot” is the provision of social, financial, legal and psychological assistance to the families of policemen killed in the line of duty. Also, “Oplot” assisted disabled soldiers. Members of the organization were actively struggling with the glorification of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. “Oplot” controlled the maintenance of the Great Patriotic War’s monuments.

In 2014, Alexander Zakharchenko actively participated in the struggle for freedom and independence of the Donetsk People’s Republic.

After the so-called Euromaidan in Kiev in winter 2013-2014 and the subsequent illegal change of power, Alexander Zakharchenko took a tough antimaidan stance and joined the forces of the militia, which began to take shape at the time, protesting against the coup in the country. The main task for Zakharchenko was to return the right to determine their own future to residents of Donbass, to choose political system, to decide in which country they would like to live, what language to speak. After Donbass was not heard again, he had to take up arms.

In the spring of 2014, on April 16, Alexander Zakharchenko headed a group of armed men who occupied the building of the Donetsk City Administration.

After the referendum on the independence of the DPR on May 11, 2014, Zakharchenko first became the military commander of Donetsk, and later Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic.

He was “Oplot” division commander of the DPR army until 7 July, 2014.

Personally participated in the battles on the territory of Donetsk region. On 27-28 of May 2014, during the combat assault of the Donetsk International Airport n.a. Prokofiev, Alexander Zakharchenko was wounded in the leg. A month later, Zakharchenko attained the rank of “major”.

In August 2014, Prime Minister of the Donetsk People’s Republic Alexander Boroday resigned. Deputies of the Council of Ministers appointed Alexander Zakharchenko in this position. This decision was accepted almost unanimously. On the same day Zakharchenko took the oath of allegiance to the republic’s people and took up his duties.

In October 2014, Alexander Zakharchenko filed documents to the DPR CEC as a candidate for the post of the Head of the Donetsk People’s Republic, becoming the first registered candidate for the post. The elections were held on November 2. 75% of DPR citizens voted for Zakharchenko.

The inauguration of the elected leader of the Republic was held on November 4, in Donetsk Academic Musical and Drama Theatre. In February 2015, at the first congress of public movement “Donetsk Republic” Alexander Zakharchenko was unanimously elected Chairman of the movement.

On February 17, 2015, Alexander Zakharchenko was wounded in the leg during the battle for Debaltsevo. For successful military operation the DPR MPs awarded Alexander Zakharchenko with the title “Hero of the DPR” and extraordinary military rank of “colonel”. Also, after the liberation of Debaltsevo Alexander Zakharchenko was awarded with the Medal of “Glory of the LPR,” he was also awarded with the title of “major general” of the Lugansk People’s Republic. This decision was made by the LPR MPs.

Despite the severe wound and exhausting rehabilitation course, he continues to lead the country, takes an active part in the establishment of state power institutions.

Thanks to the efforts of Alexander Zakharchenko and the team of Donbass patriots formed by him, humanitarian disaster in the Donetsk People’s Republic and the economic collapse caused by the blockade of the DPR by Ukraine were prevented.

In the autumn of 2015, Alexander Zakharchenko signed the decree “On the appointment of elections to local self-government bodies”, which was historic for the Republic, and thus completed the stage of state building in record time – 1.5 years.

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