International day of democracy was established by the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) in 2007 and is celebrated on 15 September each year. This date became an official reason for analysis of the outcomes of states on the providing and strengthening principles of freedom and equality in the community. Regular analysis of the situation is very important since the building of democracy is not only a goal, and a process. Effectiveness of the last one, in turn, depends on the participation and support by the international community, public bodies, separate civilians.
The UN views democracy as a universal value, based on the free will of the people. It is assumed that namely population should determine the direction of political, economic, social and cultural development of its country.
There is no word “democracy” in the UN Charter, however exactly it is called one of the basic principles of work of the Organization. Democratic values are reflected in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (adopted by the UN resolution of 10 December 1948) and were developed in the International Covenant on Civil (adopted by the UN resolution of 16 December 1966). In September 2015, 193 states as members of the UN, adopted the program “Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”, that confirms their commitment to democracy.
Such political regime is reviewed as a factor of stimulating the socio-economic process, maintaining peace and security on the planet, guarantees to respect the basic rights and freedoms of a person, eradication of discrimination on any ground. At present, most countries follow the path of “democracy” and try to fight poverty, inequality, make an effort to increase the living standards of people, to effective implementation of human’ rights.